UNESCO Cultural Sights of Austria to Behold

Austria Hallstatt, UNESCO site

Austria Hallstatt ©pask68/flickr

Being in Austria, you must at least discover one or two of its UNESCO Cultural Sights of of the country. First and foremost, the historic centre of the city of Salzburg which is also known as the “Salt Castle” is a definite must-see for everyone happening to wonder in the area.

Being the 4th largest city in Austria, Salzburg has got one of the best-preserved city centers in Europe with beautiful baroque architecture, especially in its Old Town (Altstadt). 

Hallstatt-Dachstein Salzkammergut

Whether you like sports like tennis, horse riding, golf, cycling, or fishing, a beautiful beach or lakside place that is ideal for relaxation in the rural countryside is Hallstatt-Dachstein Salzkammergut. This cultural alpine landscape is situated on the States of Upper Austria, Styria and Salzburg offers nature and lots of salt deposits.

Amongst the people living there, one of the most notable is, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Salzburg is the birthplace of the 18-century composer, Mozart as well as the other musical geniuses, composers and writers lives here. Johann Michael Haydn, Christian Doppler, Josef Mohr (the composer for Silent Night), the King Otto of Greece, Stefan Zweig, Hans Makart, Georg Trakl to name a few.

Not forgetting to mention, the famous co-production by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II – The Sound of Music. It was set in Salzburg. For music lovers, Salzburg Festival is held during July and August each year and you can be sure this is one of the most popular events.

Palace and Gardens of  Schönbrunn in Vienna

Next is the former imperial summer residence, Schönbrunn. Particularly its Palace and Gardens of  Schönbrunn in Vienna, you must check out its glamourous 1400-room imperial residence in what is better known as Rococo Baroque design. People who are into architectural features, the 1778 Ruin of Carthage is a great sight. Now known as the ‘Roman Ruin’, this picturesque horticulture feature represents the symbols of the mid 18th century of the great powers of the Habsburg emperors. Relish the remains of the heroic past through their preserved interests and aspirations. As part of the break, the Gloriette is a good suggestion as it houses a cafe today.

The historic centre in the State of Styria is the City of Graz. Rich historical heritage which can be seen from their architectural blends (Germanic, Balkans and the Mediterranean), it has an Old Town with very friendly walking trails. The must see landmarks are the Cathedral of Graz, the castle Schlossberg, the Clock Tower (rotating dance figures), the Baroque Mausoleum of Emperor Ferdinand II and the art gallery Kunsthause.

Austria-Semmering-Railway

© tau280/flickr

Some of the most famous heritage sites that  might not even have to be mentioned are the town of Krems and Melk, Ferto/Neusiedler Lake region and Vienna. They are iconic symbols of Austria to any traveler with a little bit of experience.

You must not miss the World’s first true mountain railway in Europe of 41 km over spectacular mountain landscapes, the Semmering Railway. It is between Gloggnitz (Sate of Lower Austria) and Simmering (State of Styria). Famously known for its 14 tunnels, 16 viaducts with over 101 curved stone bridges and 11 small iron bridges. This railway was built with a standard gauge track over very difficult terrain of considerable altitude difference.


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