Tourist guide to Eisenstadt

The Esterhazy Castle in Eisenstadt

The Esterhazy Castle in Eisenstadt ©Karen V Bryan

Eisenstadt is one of the cities in Austria which attracts thousands of tourists every year. Besides the beautiful natural scenery, Eisenstadt is the birthplace of the famous Hungarian noble family of the Esterhazy counts. The very great composer Joseph Haydn lived here a periodic occasion of great pride for city residents.

Eisenstadt is at 12 km from the border with Hungary, on the Wulka River and stretches to the south of the Leitha Mountains. The name the city – the city of iron – has its origins in the iron trade that was practiced in the village, since the twelfth century.

The first written mention of the existence of the city dates back to 1264. According to the excavations, the city was inhabited since the Iron Age period, and later was inhabited by Celts, Romans and various Germanic tribes. In the second half of the 14th century Eisenstadt becomes the possession of the Kanizsai family and it is rebuild after the Mongol invasion that took place a century ago. The Kanizsai family also rebuildt the city fortress  between 1388-1392, a construction that still can be seen today.

The Esterhazy Castle in Eisenstadt

The Esterhazy Castle in Eisenstadt ©Karen V Bryan

The interesting history of the city

The city of Eisenstadt was the reason of a long dispute between the Roman emperors and the Hungarian kings. After many conflicts, Eisenstadt became the possession of the Esterhazy family who obviously has had an impact on the overall appearance of the locality. One of the buildings which today enjoys the admiration of may tourists is the Esterhazy Castle. Under their auspices, the composer Jopseph Haydn held here an intense artistic activity, being appointed by Prince Esterhazy the conductor of the court orchestra. In the late nineteenth century, Eisenstadt was attached to the rail system, which contributed to the economic development of the city. During the Second World War the city is bombed and occupied by Soviet troops, who retired only in 1955.

Church in Eisenstadt

Church in Eisenstadt ©Karen V Bryan/Flick

Tourist attractions in Eisenstadt

The tourist attractions in Eisenstadt include, apart from Esterhazy Palace and the park around the castle, the house where composer Haydn lived and the St. Martin Cathedral. If you want to experience the history of the city, you should travel on foot. There are many places to visit and cafes and pubs are found at every turn  and offers tourists the opportunity to relax.

Street where Haydn lived in the city of Eisenstadt ©Karen V Bryan/Flick

Street where Haydn lived in the city of Eisenstadt ©Karen V Bryan/Flick

Tourist sites near Eisenstadt

If you visit Eisenstadt, you must visit Kleinhöflein, a rural area located in the west of the city, that is famous for its vineyards. You will find here, besides the impressive landscapes, the St. Vitus church, built in the 15th century, where is held every June a traditional products market and wine exhibition, which attract thousands of visitors annually. In the eastern area of the town of Eisenstadt you will find St. Georgen, where you will be welcomed at every step by vine growers that invite you to taste their own wines.

 

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